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UPR: Tajikistan, 25th Session, 2015

United Nations Human Rights Council

Universal Periodic Review: Tajikistan

Executive Summary

The prevalence in Tajik society of conservative strains of Islam, combined with traditional practices predicated on the subservience of women and a lack of government action, has led to overwhelming structural discrimination against women. This is manifest in violence in the home and restrictions on women’s rights in the street. Tajikistan has made legislative progress in its bids to improve the status of women in the country, but remains in violation of sections of CEDAW and the ICCPR, to which it is a party. For example, Tajikistan is the subject of reports of widespread domestic violence, as well as traditional patriarchal practices such as forced marriages. [i]   The country also places tight controls on religious practice in general.

Drawing on ICAAD’s research, this submission highlights issues of structural discrimination that impact women and, to a lesser extent, religious minorities. The research examines Tajikistan’s compliance with its international human rights obligations, as well as its implementation of domestic legislation, covering: women and religious practice, violence against women and domestic violence generally, and the status of the country’s small religious minorities.

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#RaiseYourShield

On May 17, 2019, ICAAD Advisor Erin Thomas’ publication: Compacts of Free Association in FSM, RMI, and Palau: Implications for the 2023-2024 Renewal Negotiations (hrbrief.org/2019/03/compacts-of-free-association-in-fsm-rmi-and-palau-implications-for-the-2023-2...) was cited by the President of Palau, Tommy Remengesau Jr., in an op-ed published in The Hill (thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/foreign-policy/444291-pacific-defense-pact-renewal-vital-to-the-u...). In her piece, Erin points to critical issues stakeholders have raised regarding human trafficking, adoption policies, and COFA migrant rights among other important human rights issues.

Some of the above-mentioned policy gaps span several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), particularly 10 (reduced inequalities) and 17 (partnership for the goals). Holistically, the existing COFA agreements represent the type of inequity that SDG 10 seeks to address. SDG 17 promotes inclusive and participatory decision-making at the international, national, and local levels. Developing transparency on both sides will allow for a more equitable process and outcome for the renewal negotiations.

The issues within the existing agreements also involve SDG 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions) and limited access to justice regarding redress for nuclear testing and environmental destruction. This impacts targets and indicators including SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being). Finally, SDG 10 and 8’s targets for responsible migration policies are important considering the limited provisions for COFA migrants in the U.S. and U.S. territories.
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