"As societies build walls of separation between communities,
ICAAD works to remove each brick to illuminate our common humanity"

TrackSDGs: Monitoring Sustainable Development Through a Human Rights Lens

One thing that has become increasingly clear following the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the level of intersectionality between each of the 17 goals and the core human rights standards embedded within. Therefore, monitoring each country’s progress towards achieving each goal is imperative to local, regional, and international stakeholders in both the private and public sector.

For example, women in rural Africa walk an average of 10 miles for water every day. Often this is a task carried out by girls or younger women, and affects everything from their education and physical development to their chances of facing a sexual assault. Improving access to running water therefore would impact goals 3 (Good Health), 4 (Quality Education), 5 (Gender Equality), and 6 (Clean Water & Sanitation) immediately, and it is easy to extrapolate that goals 1 (No Poverty), 2 (Zero Hunger), 8 (Decent Work), 10 (Reduced Inequalities), and 11 (Sustainable Cities & Communities) would eventually be positively affected. Looking at the SDGs through a human rights lens is extremely valuable in improving monitoring, participation from a broader coalition of stakeholders, transparency, and implementation.

While the conversation on designing an appropriate mechanism for monitoring implementation of the SDGs is ramping up, we have a rich set of data already at our disposal that allows us to monitor human rights concerns and violations across the globe.

ICAAD has been working to develop a system to better track and inform progress on the SDGs using country recommendations from the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). UPR recommendations cover the gamut of human rights issues and all 193 UN member states have participated in the UPR for two cycles of review, resulting in close to 50,000 recommendations.

In partnership with a DataCorp team from technology nonprofit DataKind, over the course of six months, we manually reviewed and processed over 2,000 UPR recommendations, created an algorithm to automatically correlate the remaining 50,000 recommendations with SDGs, and launched an alpha visualization of the information.

ICAAD DataKind Sustainable Development

Closely working together to develop the dataset and refine the algorithm, members of the DataCorp team included Ben Cohen, Software Engineer at Warby Parker, Rebecca Wei, PhD Candidate at Northwestern University, and Karry Lu, Data Scientist at Plated, and the ICAAD team included Natalie Druce, Hansdeep Singh, Joe Wheeler, Jaspreet Singh, Terence Park, Jarl Soltoft, and Conan Hines.

Commenting on the project Karry Lu said, “I’m grateful I had the opportunity to lead such a great team and work with the fine folks at ICAAD. We built a killer data product for a worthy cause, and hopefully showed everyone that there’s more to data science than Hadoop servers and optimizing digital marketing spend.”

Rebecca Wei followed, “I really enjoyed collaborating with ICAAD on this data science project for human rights. I learned a lot about current issues in human rights as well as gained experience communicating with non-technical partners. My favorite conversations were ones where both the data science team and ICAAD shared their expertise to move forward–whether discussing how to use ICAAD’s domain knowledge to improve model performance, or both parties sharing information to create as robust a training data set as possible. This project is one of the first to connect the two pieces of international policy, UPRs and SDGs, and I’m proud to have been a part of it.”

We are in the process of designing a user-friendly, interactive data visualization tool that demonstrates the relational overlap between sustainable development and human rights. The algorithm will continue to categorize UPR recommendations according to their corresponding SDGs over the lifespan of the goals (2015-2030). The hope is to use the data provided by the UPR to better guide tailoring of implementation of efforts according to national human rights concerns.

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#RaiseYourShield

On May 17, 2019, ICAAD Advisor Erin Thomas’ publication: Compacts of Free Association in FSM, RMI, and Palau: Implications for the 2023-2024 Renewal Negotiations (hrbrief.org/2019/03/compacts-of-free-association-in-fsm-rmi-and-palau-implications-for-the-2023-2...) was cited by the President of Palau, Tommy Remengesau Jr., in an op-ed published in The Hill (thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/foreign-policy/444291-pacific-defense-pact-renewal-vital-to-the-u...). In her piece, Erin points to critical issues stakeholders have raised regarding human trafficking, adoption policies, and COFA migrant rights among other important human rights issues.

Some of the above-mentioned policy gaps span several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), particularly 10 (reduced inequalities) and 17 (partnership for the goals). Holistically, the existing COFA agreements represent the type of inequity that SDG 10 seeks to address. SDG 17 promotes inclusive and participatory decision-making at the international, national, and local levels. Developing transparency on both sides will allow for a more equitable process and outcome for the renewal negotiations.

The issues within the existing agreements also involve SDG 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions) and limited access to justice regarding redress for nuclear testing and environmental destruction. This impacts targets and indicators including SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being). Finally, SDG 10 and 8’s targets for responsible migration policies are important considering the limited provisions for COFA migrants in the U.S. and U.S. territories.
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