"As societies build walls of separation between communities,
ICAAD works to remove each brick to illuminate our common humanity"

Women & Girls

Today, modern-day slavery persists in eastern India throughout Assam’s tea gardens where indigenous and low-caste workers lack basic healthcare, housing, and nutrition despite domestic and international laws mandating full protection.
More than 60%-80% of women and girls in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) have faced physical or sexual violence based on prevalence studies conducted by U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA) using the World Health Organization (WHO) survey methodology.


  • Analysis of Judicial Sentencing Practices in SGBV Cases in the Pacific Island Region
    This report, An Analysis of Judicial Sentencing Practices in Sexual & Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) Cases in the Pacific Island Region, provides crucial evidence of the effect that gender discrimination has on sentencing decisions by courts. The report highlights the extent to which gender bias continues to prevent women from accessing justice on an equal basis with ...
  • UPR: Nauru, 23rd Session, 2015
    Since its last UPR Review, Nauru has taken some concrete steps to combat gender inequality and violence against women. Issues remain in terms of amending legislation to include a specific domestic violence law; better data collection; and ensuring that gender stereotypes and cultural norms don’t impact accountability (sentencing) in gender based violence cases. Read the complete ...
  • UPR: Micronesia, 23rd Session, 2015
    The FSM delegation indicated to the United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review that FSM was a “very peaceful society and that violence against women and children were rare and isolated”.  Since the first UPR review, not enough empirical studies have been conducted on sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) ...
  • Fiji: The Role of Culture in Shaping Judicial Opinions
    The Role of Culture in Shaping Judicial Opinions in Sexual & Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Cases: Fiji Case Law Survey In Fijian culture, bulubulu – a custom for reconciling differences – is an essential part of traditional village life. Disputes were settled with the offer of a whale’s tooth (tabua), a gift or compensation, and asking for forgiveness. There is ...


  • ICAAD at SwitchPoint 2016 – Video & Photo Gallery
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHNP26f5BTY SwitchPoint 2016 Pictures Courtesy Intrahealth International  
  • Radio New Zealand: New study says gender bias is impeding justice
    Radio New Zealand Int’l interviewed an author of our Report (http://bit.ly/1YamzCy) on the impact of gender bias in the judiciary – listen to it below. (Original Link) A new regional study shows most people convicted for domestic violence have been given reduced sentences after courts took into account factors like myths about rape and traditional forgiveness ...
  • CGI Commitment to Action: Combating VAW in the Pacific Islands
    At the 10th Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) Annual Meeting, ICAAD and its partners announced a Commitment to Action to combat violence against women (VAW) in the Pacific Islands. The commitment focuses on strengthening the rule of law through a systems approach and using big data to monitor and understand the outcomes of violence on the ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Presentation on Violence Against Women in the S. Pacific
    Face to Faith hosted ICAAD’s Director of Legal Programs, Hansdeep Singh, on Human Rights Day (12/10/12) in a question and answer session with students. The discussion covered topics such as: nuclear disarmament, manifesting one’s religious identity, discrimination in the context of hate crimes, women’s rights (specifically violence against women), lack of State accountability mechanisms in the ...
  • Oral Argument 9th Cir.: Indo-Fijian Woman Seeking Asylum
    In Rashika v. Holder, Jaspreet Singh, ICAAD’s Director of Policy and Advocacy argued that Indo-Fijian women with no systems of support in Fiji should be eligible for asylum, as a particularly disfavored group with a well founded fear of future persecution. Ms. Rashika, a single Indo-Fijian woman with no family or remaining ties to Fiji ...


  • Australian Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR) cites ICAAD on Nauru Australian Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR) cited ICAAD in its recent submission to the Australian Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs – Conditions and Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Refugees at the Regional Processing Centres in the Republic of Nauru and Papua New Guinea: “In a submission to Nauru’s UPR by the International Center ...
  • ABCAustralia: Report finds gender biases in Pacific lead to shorter jail
    ABC Australia did an excellent interview of co-author Emily Christie on ICAAD’s report on the impact of gender bias in the judiciary.http://bit.ly/1YamzCy (Original Link) Report finds gender biases in Pacific lead to shorter jail sentences Updated January 4, 2016 at 3:54pm A new report’s found that gender biases and gender discrimination within Pacific courts is resulting in significantly shorter sentences ...
  • Report Reveals Concerns of Gender Bias in Courts in the Pacific Islands
    December 10th, Honiara, Solomon Islands: Gender bias has affected sentencing outcomes in more than 50% of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) cases in Pacific Island Countries. In a report released today on judicial sentencing practices of SGBV, including sexual assault and domestic violence cases, the International Center for Advocacy Against Discrimination (ICAAD) and DLA Piper revealed that ...
  • Justice Sector Reform to Protect Women & Girls
    Sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) has a negative and profound impact on women and girls’ lives: health, education, safety, familial relationships, economic advancement etc.. According to a U.N. Women study in the Solomon Islands, 74% of women survey believed the court system would be the best forum for redress for gender based violence. Yet, the ...
  • Locking Horns with the World’s Most Challenging Problems at CGI
    ICAAD was invited back as a member to the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) this year and was fortunate to have five team members attend the recent CGI Week of Action leading up to the upcoming CGI Annual meeting at the end of September. “Engagement with CGI members is always a deeply rewarding experience — its a great ...


  • Tiffany Parsons: More Than Just Black or White
    From the Artist: “As more children are being born the more important it is to realize that being multiracial is okay and beautiful. The image represents a biracial women who will one day birth the future of our world, which will be more multiracial children. This gives hope to Racial Discrimination being put to an end.” -Tiffany ...
  • Ashley Luttrell: The Skin We Live In
    From the Artist: “In our society, pop culture is in the lead, and they have marginalized dark skinned women more in our culture than any I’ve ever seen. Light skin, ‘white features’, and fine hair are disgustingly coveted qualities. Our population is moving further and further away from any one ethnicity, while at the same time ...



Great talk! "Dr. Prabhjot Singh is on a mission to makes healthcare more accessible. His “a-ha moment” came as he attended the funeral of one of his patients where he saw the man in context of his life and community, rather than the bare facts included on his chart. Singh realized that this man’s death had been the result of the collective failure of many systems—education, mental health, neighborhood safety, job placement, veteran support. In Dying and Living in the Neighborhood, Singh insists that we must discard our top-down approach to the healthcare system and that regardless of our leadership, the solutions won’t come from our government. We must rebuild our system from the neighborhood up." ... See MoreSee Less

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"Article 25, sub-clause 1 of the Indian Constitution guarantees
that “subject to public order, morality and health,
all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience
and the right to freely to profess, practice and propagate
religion.”38 However, its sub-clause 2 (B) and its corresponding
Explanation II is considered very controversial.
While Explanation I states that the wearing and
carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in
the profession of the Sikh religion. Explanation II in
sub-clause 2 (B) states, “Hindus shall be construed as
including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jain
or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious
institutions shall be construed accordingly.”39 This
constitutional provision is very discriminatory, as it connotes
that even as a multi-faith state, India seems to be
concerned about the social welfare of only one religion
(Hinduism) and its religious institutions. The appended
Explanation II effectively groups Sikhs, Buddhists, and
Jains into Hinduism. Explanation II has also led to other
discriminatory laws against these religions, including
the Hindu Succession Act (1956), Hindu Marriage Act
(1955), Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956),
and Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act (1956). These
laws are largely viewed to force legal assimilation of
these religions into Hinduism, rather than recognizing
them as distinct religious identities."
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