"As societies build walls of separation between communities,
ICAAD works to remove each brick to illuminate our common humanity"

Mapping Discrimination

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Summary

ICAAD is developing an interactive map that can be used by NGOs, advocates, governments, private entities, and the UN to identify and tackle issues of structural discrimination using the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process. The analysis provided by this Initiative brings a new level of detail and specificity to the UPR system previously uncodified, by providing the legislation, government policy, jurisprudence, or cultural norms that perpetuate discrimination against women and minorities.

Many researchers are assisting in the initial development of this tool, focusing on collating data on structural discrimination on a country-by-country basis in the following three ICAAD program areas:

(i)        Women’s rights.

(ii)       Minority rights.

(iii)      Religious freedoms.

This information (“data”) will improve human rights advocacy and reporting for NGOs, and also assist in the development of strategic interventions by public and private actors to remove structural barriers and promote equality. The Initiative seeks to address the biggest gap and most important process within the UPR system, measuring states’ implementation of human rights recommendations.

With big data technology partners like the Data-Pop Alliance (a MIT, Harvard, and ODI collaboration) and CKM Advisors, aims to develop a qualitative methodology to measure how effectively states are implementing UPR recommendations (i.e. passing progressive domestic violence legislation) and whether those results translate to tangible impact (i.e. reduction in violence against women).

Reports

 
  • UPR: United States of America (USA), 22nd Session, 2015 Executive Summary This report examines the United States’ (U.S.) compliance with its international human rights obligations in the protection of minorities and vulnerable groups from hate crimes and related discrimination. During the U.S.’ first cycle through the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), amongst 27 recommendations to the U.S. in relation to racial discrimination, five recommendations, by ...
  • UPR: Tajikistan, 25th Session, 2015
    United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review: Tajikistan Executive Summary The prevalence in Tajik society of conservative strains of Islam, combined with traditional practices predicated on the subservience of women and a lack of government action, has led to overwhelming structural discrimination against women. This is manifest in violence in the home and restrictions on women’s rights ...
  • UPR: Samoa, 25th Session, 2015
    United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review: Samoa Executive Summary Drawing on ICAAD’s research, this submission highlights issues of structural discrimination that impact women and girls in Samoa. The research examines Samoa’s compliance with its international human rights obligations on the issue of violence against women and girls. Structural Discrimination Structural discrimination occurs when laws, policies, and societal/cultural norms ...
  • UPR: Sierra Leone, 24th Session, 2015
    United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review: Sierra Leone Executive Summary Drawing on ICAAD’s research, this submission highlights issues of structural discrimination that impact women and minorities in Sierra Leone. The research examines Sierra Leone’s compliance with its international human rights obligations on the issues of: gender equality, violence against women, discrimination against women in education, inadequate ...
  • UPR: Solomon Islands, 24th Session, 2015
    United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review: Solomon Islands Executive Summary  Drawing on ICAAD’s research, this submission highlights issues of structural discrimination that impact women and minorities in the Solomon Islands. The research examines the Solomon Island’s compliance with its international human rights obligations on the issues of: violence against women and girls (VAWG), gender equality and ...

Videos

  • Serving Vulnerable Communities Globally: Introduction to ICAAD
    Vision: As societies build walls of separation between communities, ICAAD works to remove each brick to illuminate our common humanity. Mission: The International Center for Advocates Against Discrimination (ICAAD) is an nonprofit organization founded for the charitable purpose of eradicating structural discrimination globally, and to promote human rights norms consistent with public international law.Using high impact ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Presentation on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR)
    Face to Faith hosted ICAAD’s Director of Legal Programs, Hansdeep Singh, on Human Rights Day (12/10/12) in a question and answer session with students. The discussion covered topics such as: nuclear disarmament, manifesting one’s religious identity, discrimination in the context of hate crimes, women’s rights (specifically violence against women), lack of State accountability mechanisms in the ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Presentation: What Does Justice Look Like?
    Face to Faith hosted ICAAD’s Director of Legal Programs, Hansdeep Singh, on Human Rights Day (12/10/12) in a question and answer session with students. The discussion covered topics such as: nuclear disarmament, manifesting one’s religious identity, discrimination in the context of hate crimes, women’s rights (specifically violence against women), lack of State accountability mechanisms in the ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Presentation: Enforcement of International Human Rights
    Face to Faith hosted ICAAD’s Director of Legal Programs, Hansdeep Singh, on Human Rights Day (12/10/12) in a question and answer session with students. The discussion covered topics such as: nuclear disarmament, manifesting one’s religious identity, discrimination in the context of hate crimes, women’s rights (specifically violence against women), lack of State accountability mechanisms in the ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Presentation: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
    Face to Faith hosted ICAAD’s Director of Legal Programs, Hansdeep Singh, on Human Rights Day (12/10/12) in a question and answer session with students. The discussion covered topics such as: nuclear disarmament, manifesting one’s religious identity, discrimination in the context of hate crimes, women’s rights (specifically violence against women), lack of State accountability mechanisms in the ...

News

  • TrackDev: Monitoring Sustainable Development Through a Human Rights Lens
    One thing that has become increasingly clear following the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the level of intersectionality between each of the 17 goals and the core human rights standards embedded within. Therefore, monitoring each country’s progress towards achieving each goal is imperative to local, regional, and international stakeholders in both the ...
  • A Moment of Reflection – 2014 Year End Highlights
    A Moment of Reflection – 2014 Year End Highlights This year has been a truly transformative year for the organization. From project launches in Fiji and India to teaching at Fordham Law School, it is important to reflect on how the support of our donors and partners have shaped ICAAD as we head toward our 3rd Anniversary ...
  • Training Law Students on Human Rights Accountability Institutionalizing UPR Accountability in Law Schools
    Training Law Students on Human Rights Accountability Institutionalizing UPR Accountability in Law Schools New York, U.S.A. – October 28, 2014: In August 2014, ICAAD began a collaboration with the Leitner Center for International Law & Justice at Fordham School of Law. ICAAD staff designed a Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Training & Human Rights Lawyering program and are conducting the course ...
  • 2013 Highlights and Global Developments for 2014
    As we head into 2014, ICAAD is working on four flagship projects to strengthen the rights of marginalized communities globally. Imagine places where: violence against women impacts 60-80% of all women and girls; law enforcement only documents 3% of all hate crimes; and children’s religious identity is not accepted in schools. To address these system ...
  • Tony Blair Faith Foundation Interview of Jaspreet K Singh, ICAAD Co-Founder
    Jaspreet Singh is a 32 year old Sikh originally from Atlanta, Georgia. He is the co-founder of International Center for Advocates Against Discrimination (ICAAD), a new organisation using international law to prevent violence and discrimination against minorities. In the first of two stories, he tells us here about discrimination he and his family faced in his ...

Art

  • Artist Advocates Explore Art & Discrimination
    Artist advocates explore the intersection of art & discrimination illuminating injustice through the universal language ICAAD celebrates its first year with an art exhibition, live music, and silent art auction NEW YORK, December 19, 2012 – The art exhibition, “Exploring the Intersection of Art and Discrimination,” celebrated ICAAD’s first year of protecting the rights of vulnerable communities. Using the ...
  • Anton Shevchenko: Crossroads
    Crossroads by Anton Shevchenko Crossroads is a picture taken of Babi Yar, “a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of a series of massacres carried out by the Nazis during their campaign against the Soviet Union. The most notorious and the best documented of these massacres took place on September 29–30, 1941, wherein 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation. The massacre was the largest single ...




#RaiseYourShield

Great talk! "Dr. Prabhjot Singh is on a mission to makes healthcare more accessible. His “a-ha moment” came as he attended the funeral of one of his patients where he saw the man in context of his life and community, rather than the bare facts included on his chart. Singh realized that this man’s death had been the result of the collective failure of many systems—education, mental health, neighborhood safety, job placement, veteran support. In Dying and Living in the Neighborhood, Singh insists that we must discard our top-down approach to the healthcare system and that regardless of our leadership, the solutions won’t come from our government. We must rebuild our system from the neighborhood up." ... See MoreSee Less

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THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND LEGAL
ASSIMILATION OF SIKHISM, BUDDHISM,
AND JAINISM INTO HINDUISM

"Article 25, sub-clause 1 of the Indian Constitution guarantees
that “subject to public order, morality and health,
all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience
and the right to freely to profess, practice and propagate
religion.”38 However, its sub-clause 2 (B) and its corresponding
Explanation II is considered very controversial.
While Explanation I states that the wearing and
carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in
the profession of the Sikh religion. Explanation II in
sub-clause 2 (B) states, “Hindus shall be construed as
including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jain
or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious
institutions shall be construed accordingly.”39 This
constitutional provision is very discriminatory, as it connotes
that even as a multi-faith state, India seems to be
concerned about the social welfare of only one religion
(Hinduism) and its religious institutions. The appended
Explanation II effectively groups Sikhs, Buddhists, and
Jains into Hinduism. Explanation II has also led to other
discriminatory laws against these religions, including
the Hindu Succession Act (1956), Hindu Marriage Act
(1955), Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956),
and Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act (1956). These
laws are largely viewed to force legal assimilation of
these religions into Hinduism, rather than recognizing
them as distinct religious identities."
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